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Piecing the CLAT Pattern Puzzle: How to Prepare for each CLAT Section?

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an entrance examination for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate law programs at various national law universities in India. The CLAT syllabus is designed to assess a candidate's knowledge and aptitude in various areas of law. The examination consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and aims to test a candidate's aptitude in subjects like English, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning, and Mathematics.

1. English (22-26 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper):

  • Comprehension: Candidates should be proficient in reading and understanding complex passages. Practise analysing text and drawing inferences.

  • Vocabulary: Build a strong vocabulary by learning synonyms, antonyms, and understanding the context in which words are used.

  • Grammar: Understand English grammar rules, including sentence structure, verb tenses, subject-verb agreement, and punctuation.

  • Idioms and Phrases: Familiarise yourself with common idiomatic expressions and phrases used in the English language.

  • Reading Speed: Work on improving your reading speed and comprehension skills, as you'll need to read passages and answer questions within a limited time.

  • Practice Papers: Solve previous years' question papers and practice sets to become familiar with the types of questions that appear in the English section.

2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs (28-32 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper):

  • Current Events: Stay updated with national and international news, politics, sports, and major developments.

  • Indian History: Focus on significant historical events and personalities in India.

  • Geography: Learn about important geographical features, both in India and globally.

  • Economics: Understand basic economic concepts and major economic events.

  • Legal News: Pay attention to legal developments, landmark judgments, and legal affairs.

  • Practice Quizzes: Engage in regular quizzes and practice tests related to current affairs and general knowledge topics

3. Legal Aptitude (28-32 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper):

  • Legal Principles: Develop a strong understanding of legal concepts, including contracts, torts, criminal law, and constitutional law.

  • Application: Practise applying legal principles to factual situations. Work on analysing cases and determining the correctness of legal propositions.

  • Legal Vocabulary: Learn legal terminology and jargon to navigate the legal reasoning section effectively.

  • Case Study Analysis: Study past legal cases to understand how legal principles are applied in real-world scenarios.

  • Legal News: Stay updated with recent legal developments and landmark judgments to be prepared for current legal affairs questions.

  • Mock Legal Aptitude Tests: Take mock tests specific to the legal aptitude section to improve your ability to reason through legal scenarios.

4. Logical Reasoning (22-26 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper):

  • Syllogisms: Practise syllogistic reasoning questions that involve drawing conclusions based on given premises.

  • Logical Sequences: Enhance your skills in understanding and solving logical sequences and patterns.

  • Analogies: Work on recognizing and solving analogical reasoning problems.

  • Critical Thinking: Develop strong critical thinking skills to analyse arguments and identify flaws.

  • Inference and Assumption: Practise drawing inferences and identifying underlying assumptions in arguments.

  • Mock Tests: Solve a variety of logical reasoning questions in mock tests to refine your logical thinking abilities.

5. Elementary Mathematics (10-14 questions, or roughly 10% of the paper):

  • Arithmetic: Focus on topics like fractions, percentages, ratio and proportion, time and work, and profit and loss.

  • Algebra: Study concepts of quadratic equations, linear equations, and inequalities.

  • Mensuration: Learn about area, volume, and perimeter calculations for different geometric shapes.

  • Data Interpretation: Develop skills to interpret data presented in tables, graphs, and charts.

  • Maths Practice: Regularly practise solving maths problems and exercises to improve your mathematical abilities.

  • Formulas and Equations: Familiarise yourself with key mathematical formulas and equations for quick problem-solving.

Deep understanding of various legal subjects and principles is necessary for this section.

It's important to note that CLAT has undergone some changes over the years. The exam pattern might have been updated since my last knowledge update in September 2021, so it's crucial to check the official CLAT website or the specific university's website where you plan to apply for the most current and detailed syllabus. Preparing for CLAT typically requires rigorous study, comprehensive knowledge of the subjects, and regular practice with mock tests. It's advisable to consult relevant study materials, coaching centres, and previous years' question papers to prepare effectively for the CLAT exam. You can use the following suggestions to prepare for each subject:

Subjective Wise Study Tips


Time (Suggestive)

What to do?


2-3 hours

- Improve your reading comprehension skills by reading newspapers, magazines, and quality novels. - Work on vocabulary by learning new words every day. - Practice grammar rules and sentence correction. - Solve previous years' CLAT English question papers. - Take online quizzes to improve your English skills.

General Knowledge

1-2 hours on a daily basis

- Stay updated with current events by reading newspapers and following reliable news websites.

- Subscribe to a monthly magazine for competitive exams.

- Create notes or flashcards for important events, awards, and personalities.

- Solve CLAT-specific GK and current affairs questions from previous years.

Legal Reasoning

2-3 hours

- Study the fundamentals of law subjects like contracts, torts, and constitutional law.

- Solve CLAT legal reasoning practice questions.

- Understand legal principles, cases, and judgments.

- Pay attention to the content given out by your mentors.

Logical Reasoning

2 hours

- Develop your critical thinking and problem-solving skills. - Practise a variety of logical reasoning questions, including puzzles, analogies, and syllogisms. - Focus on improving your speed and accuracy.


1-2 hours

- Review mathematics concepts up to the 10th-grade level.

- Practice mathematics questions from previous CLAT papers.

- Focus on topics like percentages, ratios, proportions, time and work, and basic arithmetic.

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